Virginia has its own divorce laws, just like any other state in the country. Virginia law does recognize two kinds of divorce. One, divorce from bed and board, and a second, a divorce from the bond of matrimony.
What is a divorce from bed and board?
A divorce from bed and board is one that is only a partial divorce. It essentially leads to you being legally separated from your spouse, but you're still married by law. When you're legally separated, you are not allowed to remarry unless you go through a divorce from the bond of matrimony.
Why would someone choose a divorce from bed and board?
Some religions do not allow divorce, so a religious person may not want a full divorce. In other cases, it may be advantageous to live apart and independently but remain married.
What is a divorce from the bond of matrimony?
This is what you'd consider a typical divorce. After it's complete, a person may remarry a partner of his or her choice. Virginia requires a fault before a divorce is granted. A "no fault" divorce is known as a separation divorce and requires you to separate for over a year. You must live apart for the entire course of the year. If you are able to complete a property settlement or settlement agreement, then the wait time is reduced to only six months.
If either of these sound like a divorce you'd like to seek, your attorney can help you make sure you complete all the proper paperwork to move forward with your life.
Source: Virginia State Bar, "Divorce in Virginia," accessed April 14, 2017